About the Israel: Archaeological Excavation of a Roman Legionary Camp- Summer Program
This 5-week (6-credit) field school introduces the student to methods and techniques of field archaeology through Lecture Presentations, Field & Lab Tutorials, Field Trip, and hands-on experience as they participate in primary archaeological research at the Castra of the Roman VIth Ferrata Legion at Legio in the Jezreel Valley, Israel. This course offers students the chance to experience the full range of activities associated with field research including hypothesis formulation and testing, project design, methods for collecting and recording archaeological data, laboratory analysis of artifacts and ecofacts, and the role of context in interpretation. Additionally, students will participate in field trips and lectures that will place Legio in the broader context of the Bronze Age to Medieval Near East.
One of the most important Roman period sites in the fertile Jezreel Valley, Legio was established as the headquarters of the Roman VIth Ferrata Legion in Palestine within the context of continued agitation among the subjected local population following the First Jewish Revolt (67-70 CE). The castra, or “camp” in the sense of a permanent military base, was well-situated to control imperial roads, with direct access to the Galilee and inland valleys of northern Palestine—important centers of the local, occasionally uproarious, Jewish population. Until recently, the exact location of the castra of the Sixth Legion had not been confirmed, but textual evidence places it in the Jezreel Valley along the road from Caesarea to Beth Shean in the vicinity of Megiddo. In the Ottoman Period, the village and caravanserai of el-Lajjun preserved the Latin nickname “Legio,” providing strong evidence for the location of the castra nearby. Consequently, the broad area south of Tel Megiddo has been known in modern archaeological circles as “Legio.” Historical sources of the Roman and Byzantine eras indicate that three different settlements existed in this vicinity: the Jewish village of Kefar ‘Othnay (Caparcotna), a Roman military camp (Legio) and a later Byzantine polis of the 4th and 5th centuries C.E. (Maximianopolis).
Overall, the primary goal of the program is to provide team members with an accessible, working knowledge of the fundamentals of archaeological field work, the historical context of the current excavation setting, and an understanding of the contributions of archaeology in general, and this expedition in particular, to our knowledge of the human past.
At the end of the course, students will have working knowledge of key concepts, procedures, and analyses related to archaeological field work, preparing them for further field and laboratory work and a solid foundation for additional advanced-level training.
Housing & Orientation
This 5-day pre-season tour is intended to provide participants with a regional overview of archaeological material in northern Israel. The tour includes visits to numerous sites which represent a broad chronological range from the the Early Bronze Age to the Early Islamic and Crusader eras. Visits to the sites are accompanied by historical, archaeological, and geographical lectures given by JVRP staff members. This program will provide an enriching experience for all participants and contextualize the excavations at Megiddo and Legio within the regional and chronological framework of the area.
Our excavation team is housed at Iru'ah Kafri, a bed-and-breakfast at Kibbutz Mizra, just a short ride from the excavation site. Team members stay in air-conditioned guest rooms with bathrooms, kitchenette, refrigerator, and television. The kibbutz boasts a grocery store, swimming pool, pub, free wi-fi, sports facilities, and BBQ facilities. The kibbutz is also centrally located within the country - weekend trips to almost anywhere are manageable.
Summer 2017 Program Cost: $4,863.78
Fees for the Israel: Archeological Excavation of a Roman Legionary Camp Summer 2017 program:
Does not Include:
- Tuition (6 credits)
- Program Acceptance Fee
- Various campus fees (college fee, technology fee, etc.)
- SUNY International Health Insurance
- Pre-departure Orientation Materials
- Most breakfasts and dinners
- Archeological Field School
- Program Activities
- In-country Transportation
- Brockport's Study Abroad Services
- Transportation to and from Tel Aviv
- Additional meals
- Miscellaneous personal expenses
The actual amount that you will spend depends heavily on your style of living, and will vary with each individual's personal spending habits, entertainment preferences and travel choices.
Financial aid applies towards fees.
*The SUNY International Health Insurance is mandatory and will be included on the student's Brockport invoice.
**Varies depending on the SUNY campus at which the participant pays tuition.
The cost (and items included in the cost) as listed on the website are subject to change and should be considered estimates. Final budget sheets will be mailed to the student prior to departure and usually upon acceptance.
***This summer program is contingent upon having a sufficient number of participants enrolled in the program.***
This 5-week (6-credit) field school introduces the student to methods and techniques of field archaeology through Lecture Presentations, Field & Lab Tutorials, Field Trip, and hands-on experience as they participate in primary archaeological research at the Castra of the Roman VIth Ferrata Legion at Legio in the Jezreel Valley, Israel.
Course topics are divided among four units accomplished through four types of instruction:
1. Archaeological Principles
2. Field Skills
3. Laboratory Skills
4. Culture History
Lecture Presentations (LP) are 1 to 1.5 hour illustrated presentations of archaeological and historical material. Some lectures have a hands-on workshop component where the students are invited to handle material and practice analysis. Lectures are taught by the instructor and director of the project and the core staff of the excavation as well as other specialists who work with the project. Guest lectures are delivered by prominent local archaeologists working in Israel. These lectures are meant to be case studies in archaeology highlighting a variety of problems, methods, and interpretations. Lecturers are asked to make note of particular methods and techniques deployed to address specific research questions.
Field Tutorials (FT) are 30 minute to 1 hour demonstrations of field techniques and practices. These tutorials take place during the field during work hours. Techniques and practices learned in these tutorials are reinforced and practiced repeatedly throughout the following work periods. Field Tutorials are taught by the project staff according to their particular specialties. In the advanced 6-credit course, students are able to choose particular skills to specialize in and practice under the instruction of a specialist.
Lab Tutorials (LT) are 1 to 2 hour demonstrations of laboratory techniques and practices. Each tutorial includes a hands-on practicum in which students perform the activity. Students have additional opportunities throughout the course to continue to practice laboratory techniques. In the advanced 6-credit course, students are able to choose particular skills to specialize in and practice under the instruction of a specialist.
Field Trips (Trip) are visits to sites in northern Israel. Each trip is preceded by an overview lecture of the site that gives a chronological, cultural, and stratigraphical overview of the site. Trips include a guided tour of the site with an emphasis on archaeological method, interpretation, cultural heritage, and site conservation. Students will see examples of archaeological concepts, such as stratigraphy, in action. Additionally, students will engage in discussions about how these sites are presented to the public and how they are managed as cultural resources. Field Trips are led by and accompanying lectures are given by project core staff and/or the archaeologists currently working at a given site.
Our work week begins Sunday morning and ends Thursday afternoon. Fridays and Saturdays are free--relax, sleep in, go to the pool, have a BBQ, travel! Friday and Saturday accommodation provided, but meals are not.
4:45 AM Bus departs for the site
5:00 AM - 8:30 AM Excavation work on site
8:30 AM - 9:00 AM Breakfast on site
9:00 AM - 11:00 AM Excavation work on site
11:00 AM - 11:15 AM Break
11:15 AM - 1:00 PM Excavation work on site
1:00 PM Bus departs for the Kibbutz
1:15 PM - 2:00 PM Lunch
2:00 PM - 4:00 PM Leisure time
4:00 PM - 6:00 PM Processing work at Kibbutz
6:00 PM - 7:00 PM Special programming (eg, lectures)
7:00 PM - 8:00 PM Dinner
8:00 PM - Rest and relaxation
Summer 2017: June 17th - July 21st